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janmana jayate sudra

janmana jayate sudrah
samskarat dwij uchchte
veda pathnat bhavet viprah
brahma janati iti brahmanah

“By birth one is a sudra (lowest caste), by the purificatory process one becomes a dvija (higher caste), by study of the Vedas one becomes a vipra, and one who knows Brahman is a brahmana.”

sastras

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3 thoughts on “janmana jayate sudra

  1. the sloka is written wrongly here… it goes like this..

    janmana jayate sudrah
    samskarat dwij uchchte
    veda pathnat bhavet viprah
    brahma janati iti brahmanah

  2. I have seen ‘GNYA’ being transcripted as ‘JNA’ for the simple reason that ‘J’ in English is the same as ‘JA’ of Devanaagari lipi associated with the syllable ‘JNA’ pronounced more appropriately as ‘GNYA’ as is the version in English. ‘JA’ of Hindi associated with nasal ‘NA’ becomes ‘JNA’ but the same if pronounced in English it is more appropriate to pronounce as ‘GNYA’. ‘GNYANAM’ is more appropriate pronunciation than ‘JNANAM’

  3. i think it should be as ‘janmanaajayathay shoodraha, karmanaajaayathay dvijaha, vedhapaathantrhu vipranaam brahmajnaananthu braahmanaam which means that all are shoodras by birth. They are born again by their deeds i.e., they cease to be shoodras by their good deeds. One who studies vedas is a vipra( a person of knowledge) and one who attains ‘brahmjnaan’ is a brahmin.. It is clear that the division of ‘varnas’ is character oriented,not birth oriented.No one can be a permanent shoodra or a permanent brahmin, but one can always strive to be a brahmin and be one for ever. Such noble truths were fatally misinterpreted as ‘janmanaajayathay shoodraha’ and janmanaajaayathay brahmanaha’.(shoodras and brahmins by birth), fatal to the society and fatal to the nation
    can any one provide reference to the shloka please………..

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